Stewart Conn

Stewart Conn (b. 1936)
Stewart Conn
Stewart Conn

Biography

Summary

Stewart Conn has for many years lived in Edinburgh. In 2002 he was appointed the city's inaugural Makar. Collections include Stolen Light: Selected Poems (1999) and Ghosts at Cockcrow (2005), both published by Bloodaxe Books, and The Loving-Cup (Mariscat Press, 2007). He edited 100 Favourite Scottish Poems (Luath Press/SPL, 2006). He has received awards from among others the Scottish Arts Council, the Poetry Book Society and the Society of Authors.

Full Biography

‘The poet’s task, to seek
significant detail
in the face of horror.’

Stewart Conn was born in Glasgow on 5 November 1936, a son of the manse. His childhood was mainly spent in Kilmarnock, where his father was minister of St Marnock’s, with holidays in the Ayrshire countryside where relations were farmers. He was educated at Kilmarnock Academy and then at the University of Glasgow. He did his National Service in the Royal Air Force. In 1963 he married Judy Clarke; they have two sons. He worked at the BBC from 1962, first in Glasgow until 1976 and then Edinburgh (moving there from Glasgow to live in 1977) mainly as a radio drama producer, becoming Head of Radio Drama, until he resigned in 1992.   From 1973 to 1975 he was Literary Adviser to the Lyceum Theatre, Edinburgh. He received a Gregory Award in 1963 and Scottish Arts Council Awards in 1968 and 1979. He was appointed Edinburgh’s first Makar, or Poet Laureate, in 2002, a post he held until 2005, doing much to raise the profile of poetry in the city, with competitions, poems, projects (poems on buses, for example) and writing a substantial work, Roul of Corstorphine, on Edinburgh’s earliest poet. He is a Fellow of the RSAMD and an Honorary Fellow of the Association for Scottish Literary Studies. In 2011 he won the poetry section of the Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust Book of the Year award with The Breakfast Room.

In addition to poet and producer, Conn had a third string to his bow: playwright – he enjoyed success, particularly in the 1960s and 1970s, with varied and powerful plays, including Play Donkey (Glasgow ‘hard man’),  I Didn’t Always Live Here (1930s and 1940s Glasgow life seen through women’s eyes), and The Burning (seventeenth-century witch trials).

According to Alan MacGillivray and Douglas Gifford in Scottish Literature (EUP, 2002), Conn developed a unique way of looking at landscape and people in his poems (with an early nod to Ted Hughes), and in his collections of the 1960s to the 1980s,

his perspective on people in country and city... fuses an intensely personal and loving view with disillusionment and regret... with respect to the passing of an older generation and their way of life. His later poetry sensitively balances his position as a vulnerable family man with his perception of potential danger and wildness

for example, in ‘In the Kibble Palace’ and ‘Marriage a Mountain Ridge’.

The critic Alasdair Macrae has written (in The Dark Horse , 19) that while Conn’s early style makes use of contrasts in language, the later poems exhibit ‘a more even-paced, more level-toned style, more reticent emotionally’, and makes the point that the experience of the poem is less unique to the poet than a shared one – his poems often move from ‘I’ to ‘we’ (as in ‘Ghosts’). Early use of rhyme gives way to a looser, more discursive, style, using a variety of vowel sounds, cadence, echo and assonance – still ordering and patterning, but perhaps more musically. There is also an increasing interest in art – an exploration of what a picture says to us (sometimes he has it literally talking). If Macrae has a slight criticism, it is that ‘sometimes, for all its humanity, sharpness of observation and justness [the poetry] is too balanced, too uneccentric.’ On the other hand, as the poet and fellow radio producer George Bruce wrote in Contemporary Poets (1980), ‘Such writing, discreet, perceptive, and, above all humane, is a rare achievement.’ ‘There is a recognisable strength in his poems,’ wrote James McGonigal, reviewing the selected poems in Northwords 22 (1999), ‘something trustworthy or tested, which matters all the more in that the world he explores is neither of those.’

Conn’s style may have changed, but his concerns have always been the same: love and loss, regret and disillusionment, wrestled with through that sharp observation of people and places (and art) and the honest baring of his sympathetic soul:

         ‘I cannot bear
the thought of what loved-ones may suffer.
This is partly what drives me to poetry.’
(‘Before Dark’)

They give rise to memorable lines, such as [I] ‘who am already a father before / having learned to be a son’ from ‘Afternoon Visit’ [to his mother].

But all is not gloomy – there is always humour and the constant reminder to carpe diem – see ‘Seize the Day’ and ‘End of Season, Drumelzier’ from In the Kibble Palace (1987), and the more recent poem of that title in The Loving-Cup (2007). As he says in the poem, ‘Springtime’: ‘All that is left, is to live lovingly.’

Further Reading

Selected Bibliography

Thunder in the Air (Preston: Akros Publications, 1967)
The Chinese Tower (Edinburgh: Macdonald, 1967)
Stoats in the Sunlight (London: Hutchinson, 1968)
An Ear to the Ground (London: Hutchinson, 1972)
Under the Ice (London: Hutchinson, 1978)
In the Kibble Palace: new & selected poems (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe Books, 1987)
The Luncheon of the Boating Party (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe Books, 1992)
In the Blood (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe Books, 1995)
Stolen Light: selected poems (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe Books, 1999)
Distances: a personal evocation of people and places (Dalkeith: Scottish Cultural Press, 2001)
Ghosts at Cockcrow (Tarset: Bloodaxe Books, 2005)
The Loving-Cup (Edinburgh: Mariscat Press, 2007)
The Breakfast Room (Tarset: Bloodaxe Books, 2010)
Estuary: poems (Mariscat, 2012)
The touch of time : new and selected poems (Bloodaxe, 2014)

as editor

The Hand That Sees: poems for the quincentenary of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh   
      (Edinburgh: Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh/Scottish Poetry Library, 2005)
100 Favourite Scottish Poems (Edinburgh: SPL/Luath Press, 2006)
100 Favourite Scottish Love Poems (Edinburgh: Luath Press, 2008)

Selected Biography and Criticism

Interview with Allen Wright, Scotsman 30 October 1971

George Bruce, ‘“Bound by Necessity”: the poetry of Stewart Conn’, Akros 14:40 (April 1979)

Iain Crichton Smith, ‘Towards the Human: the poetry of Stewart Conn’ in Towards the Human: essays (Edinburgh: Macdonald, 1986)

George Bruce, ‘Stewart Conn’ in Contemporary Poets 6th edn (New York: St James Press, 1996)

Stewart Conn, ‘A sense of belonging’ in Paul Henderson Scott (ed.), Spirits of the Age: Scottish self portraits (Edinburgh: The Saltire Society, 2005)

‘Stewart Conn: an interview and appreciations’ in The Dark Horse 19 (Winter 2006/2007)

In Praise of the Lyric Muse: Stewart Conn at 70 [special issue] Chapman 109 (2007)

Other Useful Info

Manuscripts and Papers  

National Library of Scotland